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Archbishop John Carroll, first bishop of America
Posted By Eric Sammons On November 6, 2009 @ 2:26 pm In The Church | Comments Disabled
On this date in 1789, Father John Carroll  was appointed the first bishop of the newly independent United States. He was made the bishop of Baltimore and served in his position until his death in 1815. He came from a family of distinguished Catholics; his cousin Charles was the only Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence. From the Catholic Encyclopedia:
Church troubles, Trusteeism in New York, and Nationalism in Philadelphia, at this time decided the priests  of Maryland  (March, 1788) to petition Rome  for a bishop  for the United States . Cardinal Antonelli  replied, allowing the priests  on the mission to select the city and, for this case only, to name the candidate for presentation to the pope . Twenty-four of the twenty-five other priests  in the meeting voted for Father Carroll. Accordingly on 6 November, 1789, Pope Pius VI  appointed him bishop . His consecration  took place in Mr. Weld’s chapel  at Lulworth Castle, England , 15 August, 1790, at the hands of the Rt. Rev. Charles Walmesley , Senior Vicar Apostolic  of England . Bishop Carroll returned to Baltimore  in triumph, 7 December, when he preached an appropriate and touching sermon in St. Peter’s church.
Carroll of course lived in a time of great anti-Catholicism in this country. Once he said in reply to such an attack:
[Catholics'] blood flowed as freely (in proportion to their numbers) to cement the fabric of independence as that of any of their fellow-citizens. They concurred with perhaps greater unanimity than any other body o fmen in recommending and promoting that government from whose influence America anticipates all the blessings of justice, peace, plenty, good order, and civil and religious liberty.
Let us ask for the intercession of Archbishop Carroll for our country this day.
Article printed from Divine Life – A Blog by Eric Sammons: http://ericsammons.com/blog
URL to article: http://ericsammons.com/blog/2009/11/06/archbishop-john-carroll-first-bishop-of-america/
URLs in this post:
 John Carroll: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03381b.htm
 priests: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12406a.htm
 Maryland: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09755b.htm
 Rome: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13164a.htm
 bishop: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02581b.htm
 United States: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15156a.htm
 Cardinal Antonelli: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01584a.htm
 pope: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12260a.htm
 Pope Pius VI: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12131a.htm
 consecration: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04276a.htm
 chapel: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03574b.htm
 England: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05445a.htm
 Rt. Rev. Charles Walmesley: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15539b.htm
 Vicar Apostolic : http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15401b.htm
 Baltimore: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02228a.htm
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